Have your say on proposed changes to buses in Central London

Closed 29 Jan 2017

Opened 25 Nov 2016


London is growing, with an estimated 10 million people expected to live here by the early 2030s. Transport is an essential part of life in London and we’re investing so that as the city grows, everyone who lives, works or visits London has the transport they need. The impact of a growing London will be felt most acutely in central London and the West End, where bus and Tube services are concentrated.

The Mayor has committed to improving life in London, by tackling air quality, transforming Oxford Street and introducing the bus hopper ticket and  freezing  public transport fares. In addition we are encouraging   growth in cycling and walking, and establishing measures to help buses get to and through central London quickly and reliably. Ensuring that we have the right level of bus provision is crucial in ensuring central London works well. This consultation sets out our proposals to change the bus network in central London, so that it can continue to support London as a world leading cultural and economic centre.

Recent investment in upgrading the Tube network has made it much more reliable and attractive for many to use. Over four million journeys are made each day on the Tube network and this number is rising. The Victoria and Northern lines are now among the highest frequency services in Europe, with a train every two minutes at the busiest times. Night Tube services are now running on the Central, Victoria and Jubilee lines with the Northern line commencing in November and the Piccadilly line later in 2016.

These improvements mean that demand for some bus routes has reduced. The 73, for example, which closely follows the route of the Victoria Line, has seen up to eleven per cent reduction in demand since 2011. By operating slightly fewer services, we will be able to operate them faster and more reliably.

The opening of the Elizabeth line from 2018 will further transform how people move about in central London. The line will provide a key east-west link across central London and beyond. Many people will choose to use this faster journey than take a bus. We need to ensure that the right number of buses serve each station on the new line, both in central London and at other stations.

The Elizabeth line is particularly significant for bus services on Oxford Street, with the two new stations at Tottenham Court Road and Bond Street set to further reduce bus demand on the street. The Mayor is also working with City of Westminster to make Oxford Street more pedestrian friendly. Our proposals for changes to bus services in central London are therefore also designed to start reducing the number of buses running along Oxford Street. The proposals in this consultation would reduce the number of buses going along Oxford Street by around 40 per cent.

In this context we have carried out a review of routes to and from the West End including routes 3, 6, 8, 15, 22, 23, 25, 46, 73, 137, 172, 242, 332, 390, 425, 452, C2, N2, N3, N8, N15, N22 and N73. Our proposals range in scale depending on the route to help us better match future demand with space available on the bus. We welcome your views on any or all of the details as set out on the following pages. More information on our longer term plans to transform Oxford Street will be available in the near future, and is not in the scope of these proposals.


What is proposed?

How will passengers be affected?

When would these changes start?

Have your say

What is proposed?

We’ve concentrated this round of consultation on 22 routes serving central London. The maps below show in overview where buses currently go and where we propose as alternative termini.

Your browser does not support inline PDF viewing.Please download the PDF.

There are three pages to the above map which shows how buses on day routes look in November 2016, our proposed changes and the proposed bus network from 2017. You can choose to zoom in and out to see more detail or alternatively you can click on the links below to see each map individually.

Oxford Street buses - How the day bus network looks now in November 2016 map (PDF) *updated 30 November

Oxford Street buses - Proposed changes to the day bus network (PDF)

Oxford Street buses - How the day bus network could look in 2017 (PDF)

Your browser does not support inline PDF viewing.Please download the PDF.

There are three pages to the above map which shows how buses on night routes look in October 2016, our proposed changes and the proposed bus network from 2017. You can choose to zoom in and out to see more detail or alternatively you can click on the links below to see each map individually.

Oxford Street buses - How the night bus network looks in October 2016 (PDF)

Oxford Street buses - Proposed changes to the night bus network (PDF)

Oxford Street buses - How the night bus network could look in 2017 (PDF)

Many of the proposals are connected so we have grouped them to make it easier to understand what is proposed. Using the links below you can find out more about each proposal.

1. Routes 3, 137 and N3

2. Routes 6, 15 and N15

3. Routes 8, 172 and 242

4. Routes 22, C2 and N22

5. Routes 23, 46, 332 and 452

6. Routes 25 and 425

7. Routes 73 and 390

8. Route N2

Although our proposals put forward here concentrate on bus routes serving the West End; we (or our partner agencies) have also recently undertaken consultation on routes serving the ‘Baker Street corridor’, on changes to bus routes at Liverpool Street and changes to routes 100 and 388, on proposals to make Baker Street & Gloucester Place two way and proposals to make Tottenham Court Road and Gower Street two way.

Our geographic maps have been drafted to show the proposals based on the current bus and road network. Our overview spider map illustrates the current network and future proposed network taking account of changes put forward in the other central London schemes mentioned above.

How will passengers be affected?

We know that each of our proposals will impact on some passengers. Many will gain new opportunities for direct connections not previously available, while others may have to change bus to complete their journey. The new Hopper fare means there is no longer a financial penalty for changing buses.

We measure these passenger journeys by looking at trip patterns from Oyster card information alongside other data. Our proposals mean some passenger journeys will change. The table below summaries how many people would need to change bus on a typical weekday, if the schemes were implemented.

Alongside this consultation we have also published a bus network report that sets out further detail on passenger journey patterns.

Please click here to view the West End Bus Services Review (PDF)

A table showing bus routes and the number of current direct journeys that would require a changes of bus (following the changes)

When would these changes start?

We will review and use the information received through this consultation to inform our decision making and next steps. We may decide to adapt our proposals in light of comments received or we may decide to go ahead as proposed. However, if we revise our proposals we will run a new consultation to outline them, in addition to any longer term proposals on Oxford Street.

If we proceed with the changes as proposed here, they would be introduced progressively over the next few years, up to and beyond the Elizabeth line opening.

Have your say

We would like to know what you think about our proposals.

Please give us your views by completing the online survey below by Sunday 29 January 2017.

Alternatively, you can:

This consultation is part of the process which fulfils the requirement for TfL to consult under Section 183 of the Greater London Authority Act 1999.


  • Barking & Dagenham
  • Barnet
  • Brent
  • Bromley
  • Camden
  • City of London
  • Croydon
  • Hackney
  • Hammersmith & Fulham
  • Haringey
  • Havering
  • Islington
  • Kensington & Chelsea
  • Lambeth
  • Lewisham
  • Newham
  • Redbridge
  • Richmond upon Thames
  • Southwark
  • Tower Hamlets
  • Wandsworth
  • Westminster


  • Anyone from any background


  • Bus route 137
  • Bus route 15
  • Bus route 172
  • Bus route 22
  • Bus route 23
  • Bus route 242
  • Bus route 25
  • Bus route 3
  • Bus route 332
  • Bus route 390
  • Bus route 425
  • Bus route 452
  • Bus route 46
  • Bus route 6
  • Bus route 73
  • Bus route 8
  • Bus route C2
  • Bus route N15
  • Bus route N2
  • Bus route N22
  • Bus route N3
  • Bus route N73