Section 4 – The Regent’s Park

Closed 20 Mar 2016

Opened 8 Feb 2016

Overview

We want to make cycling and walking around the Outer Circle a more pleasant experience, and improve the safety and tranquillity of the park. To do this we have come up with a range of proposals which aim to reduce the volume and speed of traffic in the park. If these proposals are implemented, they will be subject to monitoring and review.

There are a range of proposals for The Regent’s Park, which are explained below:

  • Reducing through-traffic by restricting access for motor vehicles
  • Introducing raised junctions on the Outer Circle
  • Managing vehicle speeds on the Outer Circle
  • Improvements for pedestrians on the Outer Circle


The detailed proposals for each junction or gate including drawings of the proposed scheme at each junction (listed below) can be found here

  • North Gate (Macclesfield Bridge)
  • New pedestrian crossing point outside the entrance to ZSL London Zoo
  • Gloucester Gate, junction with the Outer Circle
  • St Andrews Place, junction with Park Square East / Outer Circle
  • Park Square East, junction with Marylebone Road
  • Park Square West, junction with the Outer Circle
  • Park Square West, junction with Marylebone Road
  • York Gate
  • Clarence Gate, junction with the Outer Circle
  • Hanover Gate, junction with the Outer Circle
     

 

Click here for a larger version of the above map (PDF)


Reducing through-traffic by restricting access for motor vehicles

Our surveys show that the Outer Circle is being used by many vehicles as a through-route and that much of the traffic on the Outer Circle is passing through rather than visiting the park.

We are considering restricting access for motor vehicles through four of the gates into the park;

  • North Gate (Macclesfield Bridge)
  • Park Square East
  • Park Square West
  • York Gate


Access would be restricted at the busiest times of the day, to make it a less attractive through route. Motor vehicles would be allowed to enter the park between 11am and 3pm.

We believe that restricting access at these gates would significantly lower the volume of traffic in the park, while ensuring that visitors and residents are still able to conveniently access the park through the four other open gates.

Existing overnight gate closures (from midnight to 7am) would remain in place and are unaffected by the proposals. The access restrictions would be implemented using bollards which could be raised and lowered as required. These bollards would not prevent cyclists from using the gates.  The design of the bollards would be in keeping with the heritage environment of the park.

Impact of access restrictions on surrounding road network

Preventing vehicles from using The Regent’s Park as a through route would mean that some traffic would seek alternative routes through the area. Some roads near the park may see an increase in traffic, while other roads may see a decrease in traffic. Further detail about which roads would be affected by traffic reassignment can be found here.

Access through residential streets to the south of the park

If access restrictions were to go ahead, some changes to access arrangements at York Terrace East, McFarren Place, Brunswick Place and Ulster Place may be necessary to ensure these narrow residential streets do not become alternative through routes used by vehicles entering or exiting the park. TfL will work with the Crown Estate Paving Commission and the local community on these arrangements if the scheme goes ahead.

Introducing raised junctions on the Outer Circle

Our surveys indicate that traffic speeds on the Outer Circle often exceed the current limit of 30mph, with some speeds of over 70mph recorded. We are keen to find ways to reduce the speed of vehicles using the Outer Circle.

We are considering introducing raised junctions at four locations around the Outer Circle, to encourage lower vehicle speeds and highlight to road users that they are  in a park environment and need to be aware of other park users. Raised junctions would be introduced at the junction of Outer Circle and:

  • Hanover Gate
  • Gloucester Gate
  • St Andrews Place / Park Square East
  • Clarence Gate


Raised junctions also help improve access for pedestrians and wheelchair users. The incline to the raised table would be approximately 1:20 in order to minimise the impact on cyclists.

We would use heritage sensitive materials, for example flat granite setts, on the inclines to the raised tables, and at pedestrian crossing locations at these junctions. These would signal to drivers that they should slow down, and highlight the presence of the pedestrian crossing points. They would be designed to be safe and comfortable to cycle over and to meet the accessibility needs of park visitors, including wheelchair users.

Managing vehicle speeds on the Outer Circle

We are also considering other approaches to managing vehicle speeds.

Adding speed limit signs to the Outer Circle

There are currently no 30mph signs on the Outer Circle. While we recognise that it is important to protect the heritage of the park, reminding drivers of the speed limit would help to reduce vehicle speeds. We are considering introducing signage to achieve this.

Enforcing the 30mph speed limit using camera enforcement

Safety camera equipment could be installed to enable the existing 30mph speed limit to be enforced more rigorously

Improvements for pedestrians on the Outer Circle

  • The proposed access restrictions and speed reduction measures would improve the pedestrian environment on the Outer Circle, making it quieter and safer
  • All pedestrian crossings at York Gate would be widened
  • The pedestrian crossing at Clarence Gate would be widened and moved to make access from Baker Street more convenient. The existing slip road for left turning vehicles from the Outer Circle onto Baker Street would be replaced with an area of widened footway, providing pedestrians with more space. The left turn would still be possible, but the tighter angle of the turn would encourage slower speeds. The original kerb-line would be retained within the footway buildout to preserve the historic layout of the junction
  • A new pedestrian crossing point would be introduced opposite the entrance to ZSL London Zoo. The carriageway would be narrowed to reduce the crossing distance. To ensure adequate sightlines, this would require some parking to be relocated to elsewhere in the park
  • The junctions of Hanover Gate, Gloucester Gate, St Andrews Place and Clarence Gate would be raised
     

How will this impact traffic?

These proposals would mean that journey times for general traffic and some bus routes would change. Some journeys would be expected to improve at certain times of day, particularly southbound traffic during the morning peak. Others would be expected to be longer at certain times of day, particularly around Swiss Cottage. The changes to the road layout and to park access would mean that some traffic would take a different route to get to its destination. Some borough roads would be likely to see an increase in traffic because of these proposals, while other borough roads would see a reduction in traffic volumes.

We would take a number of steps to ensure that the changes made along the route are balanced. TfL is investing in advanced traffic signal technology to allow us to better manage traffic depending on differing conditions at any given time, and we are working to improve road user information so people can make informed journey choices before they travel.

More detailed information on the traffic impacts of the CS11 proposals, including tables of the likely journey time impacts, can be found here.

Changes proposed at the different locations around the Outer Circle - the detail

A description of the changes proposed at each location around the Outer Circle can be found below. Proposals are described clockwise from North Gate.

Click here for maps of the raised junctions and restricted access points


North Gate (Macclesfield Bridge)

  • Access restrictions would be introduced at North Gate, with no access for motor vehicles except between the hours of 11am and 3pm. Closure times would be subject to ongoing monitoring and review following implementation


New pedestrian crossing point outside the entrance to ZSL London Zoo

  • We propose to widen the footway on either side of the road by 1.8m and provide a new, uncontrolled pedestrian crossing, making it easier to cross the Outer Circle. To preserve the historic layout of the Outer Circle, the original kerbline would be retained within the footway buildout
  • Widening the footway helps pedestrians to see past parked vehicles. However, to ensure adequate sight-lines from the crossing point, 50m of parking would need to be relocated to the opposite side of the Outer Circle, between the Broadwalk and the ZSL London Zoo car park entrance


Gloucester Gate, junction with the Outer Circle

  • No changes to access through this gate are proposed
  • We propose to introduce a raised junction here, to improve pedestrian access and encourage greater mutual courtesy between all road users. The incline to the raised table would be approximately 1:20
  • We are proposing to use heritage sensitive materials, for example flat granite setts, on the inclines to the raised junction and over the pedestrian crossing at this location. These would signal to drivers they are entering a park environment and should slow down, and would highlight the presence of the pedestrian crossing. They would be designed to be safe and comfortable to cycle over and to meet the accessibility needs of pedestrians


St Andrews Place, junction with Park Square East / Outer Circle

  • We propose to introduce a raised junction here, to improve pedestrian access and encourage greater mutual courtesy between all road users. The incline to the raised table would be approximately 1:20
  • We are proposing to use heritage sensitive materials, for example flat granite setts, on the inclines to the raised junction and over the pedestrian crossing at this location. These would signal to drivers they are entering a park environment and should slow down, and would highlight the presence of the pedestrian crossing. They would be designed to be safe and comfortable to cycle over and to meet the accessibility needs of pedestrians
  • To provide more space for pedestrians to cross, we propose to widen the pedestrian crossing point by 2.5m on the western arm of the junction
  • The pedestrian crossing on the southern arm of the junction would be widened by 1.4m and moved closer to the junction
  • The give-way conditions of this junction would be changed to give priority to vehicles travelling around the Outer Circle


Park Square East, junction with Marylebone Road

  • Access restrictions would be introduced at Park Square East, with no access for motor vehicles except between the hours of 11am and 3pm. Closure times would be subject to ongoing monitoring and review following implementation
  • Bollards to restrict access would be located in line with the existing gates. The bollards could be raised or lowered as required and would be designed to be in keeping with the heritage environment of the park
  • Southbound cyclists would share the lane in Park Square East with motor traffic when access restrictions were not in place, between 11am and 3pm
  • Advanced Stop Lines for cyclistswould be introduced on Marylebone Road in both directions, and on Park Crescent (east)
  • The left turn from Park Crescent (east) would be banned, to avoid conflict with cyclists. Vehicles wishing to make this movement could do so from Park Crescent (west)
  • The pedestrian crossing on Park Crescent (east) would be moved 2m south to enable the provision of a waiting area for cyclists turning right from Marylebone Road into Park Square East. A waiting area would also be provided for cyclists turning right from Park Crescent into Marylebone Road


Park Square West, junction with the Outer Circle

  • A gap would be provided in the existing central island to enable all vehicles to make the right turns into and out of Park Square West
  • The existing central island would be widened to provide more waiting space for pedestrians. Uncontrolled pedestrian crossings would be provided on either side of the junction
  • 40m of parking would be relocated 140m further west along the Outer Circle, opposite the junction with Brunswick Place to ensure good visibility between pedestrians and cyclists waiting to cross the Outer Circle and vehicles


Park Square West, junction with Marylebone Road

  • Access restrictions would be introduced at Park Square West, with no access for motor vehicles except between the hours of 11am and 3pm. Closure times would be subject to ongoing monitoring and review following implementation
  • Bollards to restrict access would be located in line with the existing gates. The bollards could be raised or lowered as required and would be designed to be in keeping with the heritage environment of the park
  • The left turn from Park Square West would be banned, to avoid conflict with cyclists, who would share the lane with motor vehicles when access restrictions were not in place, between 11am and 3pm. Vehicles wishing to make this movement could do so from Park Square East
  • Advanced Stop Lines for cyclists would be introduced on Marylebone Road in both directions
  • A separate signal would be provided for cyclists on Park Crescent (west), to avoid conflict with turning vehicles
  • The straight ahead movement from Park Crescent (west) would be banned for motor vehicles. This is necessary to ensure delay at this junction is kept to a minimum. Vehicles wishing to make this movement to enter the park could do so from Park Crescent (east) when access restrictions were not in place, between the hours of 11am and 3pm


York Gate

  • Access restrictions would be introduced at York Gate, with no access for motor vehicles except between the hours of 11amand 3pm. However, residents would be permitted access through York Gate at all times. This would be achieved through a system of rising bollards. The rising bollards would be located on York Gate, just north of York Terrace
  • Closure times would be subject to ongoing monitoring and review and may be adjusted following implementation
  • All pedestrian crossings at York Gate would be widened.


Clarence Gate, junction with the Outer Circle

  • No changes to access through this gate are proposed
  • We propose to introduce a raised junction here, to improve pedestrian access and encourage greater mutual courtesy between all road users. The incline to the raised table would be approximately 1:20
  • We are proposing to use heritage sensitive materials, for example flat granite setts, on the inclines to the raised junction and over the pedestrian crossing at this location. These would signal to drivers that they are in a park and should slow down, and would highlight the presence of the pedestrian crossing. They would be designed to be safe and comfortable to cycle over and to meet the accessibility needs of pedestrians
  • To provide more space for pedestrians to cross the Outer Circle, we propose to widen the pedestrian crossing from 3.6m to 8m, and move it further north to place it in a more convenient position for people entering and exiting the park
  • The footway would also be widened to provide more space for pedestrians at the corner between the Outer Circle and Baker Street. Traffic would still be able to turn left from the Outer Circle, but at a reduced speed. The original kerb-line would be retained within the footway buildout to preserve the historic layout of the junction
  • Clarence Gate would remain exit-only for vehicles. However, a contra-flow cycle lane would be provided between Baker Street and the Outer Circle enabling cyclists to enter the park here. The proposed scheme at Clarence Gate would provide a link to planned improvements on Ivor Place, Baker Street and Gloucester Place


Hanover Gate, junction with the Outer Circle

  • No changes to access through this gate are proposed
  • We propose to introduce a raised junction here, to improve pedestrian access and encourage greater mutual courtesy between all road users. The incline to the raised table would be approximately 1:20
  • We are proposing to use heritage sensitive materials, for example flat granite setts, on the inclines to the raised junction and over the pedestrian crossing at this location. These would signal to drivers they are entering a different environment and should slow down, and would highlight the presence of the pedestrian crossing. They would be designed to be safe and comfortable to cycle over and to meet the accessibility needs of pedestrians
  • The pedestrian crossing on the north west arm of the junction would be widened from 5.2m to 6m
  • The pedestrian crossing on the south west arm would be widened from 2.2m to 3.2m

 

 

 

 

Areas

  • Camden
  • Westminster

Audiences

  • Public
  • Stakeholders
  • Local residents
  • Local businesses
  • Schools
  • London Boroughs
  • Coach Operators
  • Taxi trade
  • Transport for London
  • Taxi customers and other stakeholders

Interests

  • Roads